Many children enter our school system without the ability to read. The more words students enter school with in their oral vocabularies, the better they are at learning to read. When students enter school with a vast oral vocabulary, they have a huge head start in beginning the journey to be good readers. When helping students learn how to read, teachers often teach them how to use context clues and word parts to learn word definitions. When students are engaged in reading strategies that allow them to listen, write, read and speak about the word they are able to better own the word into their own vocabularies. Independent reading and writing opportunities that coincide with the vocabulary curriculum increases vocabularies. Teaching students antonyms, synonyms and how to use reference materials such as a thesaurus, dictionaries and other references help increase a students’ vocabulary.
Affixes helps vocabulary
It is a known fact, the more you read the better writer you are. However, if there is difficulty in reading, then the writing will be lacking. The reading strategy of teaching Greek and Latin affix meanings can be used at any age. Learning affixes is important to learn the meanings of many words in English. One reading strategy that is often over looked as something teachers believe they don’t have time to do would be for students to engage in word games. Word game engagement help the student be able to listen, write, speak and read the word.
Word games such as etymology charts, crossword puzzles, word scrambles, riddles, and tongue twisters are great for learning words. These word games are easy to create. There are many websites available for teachers to create word games for free. Using board games whether adapting an already known game board or creating your own can be easy. Another easy and useful game could be card games such as matching. Using games students already know the rules to makes it much easier to adapt the vocabulary words into the game.
Dr. Genola Johnson has over 20 years in education. She is the Executive Director of Georgia Educational Learning Consultants, Inc.